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Terracotta Tile (The Complete Guide & Video) | Terracotta Floor Tiles Tips

Terracotta tiles, with their distinct texture and earthy tones, are a defining feature in many Mexican food restaurants and Mediterranean or Tuscan-style homes. Crafted from the unique terracotta material, these tiles share a lineage with terracotta and clay pots, highlighting the age-old relationship between terracotta vs clay.

The tiles owe their rich coloration to the iron content within, which reacts to form iron oxide upon firing, bestowing upon them their characteristic hue. Impressively, artisans today produce terracotta in ways reminiscent of ancient techniques.

Let’s dive into the enduring appeal of this clay tile, which has withstood the sands of time and retains its aesthetic allure in the contemporary world.

Terracotta Tile – The Complete Guide

terracotta floor tiles – then & now

This comprehensive guide tackles these questions and gives terracotta tile tips.

  1. What is terracotta flooring & its origins?
  2. What are some types of terracotta floor tiles?
  3. Is terracotta tile expensive?
  4. Is terracotta clay tile durable?
  5. How long will it last?
  6. Should terracotta floor tile be sealed?
  7. What are some cleaning & maintenance guidelines for terracotta flooring?
  8. What’s the difference between terracotta and clay?
  9. How do I find terracotta floor tile near me?

Let’s jump in.

What is Terracotta Tile?

And where does it come from?

The word terracotta comes from the Italian word meaning “baked earth” because the clay goes through a hardening process through sun-drying, kiln-firing, or baking in the oven. As a result, the finished clay pieces are commonly used as floor tile, roof tiles, glazed and painted tiles, earthenware, pottery, modeling, and other architectural features. Terracotta tile is initially porous and has the color of red, brown, orange, pink, and earthy tones.

Ok. Sure.

And it’s so much more.

terracotta tile
Terracotta tile

While this guide addresses terracotta as a floor tile, it’s noteworthy that ‘terracotta’ is also used to describe a color (natural brown-orange), ceramic pottery, bricks, pipes, and sculptures.

terracotta tile orgins

Moreover, since terracotta flooring is made from clay, shoppers find many types worldwide.  The quality of clay Spanish tiles varies on many factors, but their origin & firing process directly impacts the finished product.

Some popular origins include Mexico (Saltillo tile, the most common type for flooring), Italy & Spain (popular for reclaimed terracotta), Scotland & Ireland, China (check out the terracotta army figurines), Peru, Brazil, and other South American countries (popular for terracotta roof tiles).

These are only a few popular examples of terracotta tile origins!

Look at this quick video that shows how artisan’s hands have crafted terracotta (specifically Mexican terracotta) for generations.

What Are Some Types of Terracotta Floor Tiles?

patterns, shapes, & sizes

While it’s a crowd-pleasing choice for rustic or Spanish-style interiors, terracotta floor tile design (and its arrangement of colors) adds elegance to even modern spaces. As a bonus, it’s a favorite flooring made from natural materials!

There are many different types of terracotta tiles, both in pattern, shape, size, and the makeup of the clay. But all of them are beautiful in their earth tones, with a signature terracotta tile texture that is often lovingly referred to as “perfectly imperfect.”

Warm terracotta floor colors establish a grounded aesthetic from which other design elements are determined.

While researching whether terracotta flooring is right for your project, consider two fundamental types – handmade or machine-made terracotta.

machine made terracotta tile
machine made terracotta tile

Clay terra cotta flooring that is machine-made is referred to as quarry tile. Some consider machine-made clay tiles to be more durable than their handmade alternative.  (I challenge this ideology, however. Keep reading.)

machine made quarry tile
machine made quarry tile

Machine-made clay tile is ideal for projects calling for consistency in size, thickness, shape, and color.  These are typically thinner than handmade tiles, which poses an excellent solution when existing homes or businesses require a low-profile tile for architectural challenges. But while these floors demonstrate consistency, machine-made tiles lack handmade tiles’ charm and rustic characteristics.

There’s no comparison between machine-made vs authentic, handmade clay tile. Handmade tiles have a story to tell. They represent the hands of architecture.

Did you know that handmade terracotta tiles were popular throughout the ages?  That’s partly due to cosmetics (but also durability).

Additionally, these floors patina with age – taking on rich color tones that are impacted by the level of maintenance choices (stains, wax, sealers, etc.). Many homeowners strive to create a relaxing escape at home, devoid of citified elements of monotony and monochromatic color through the placement of handmade terracotta tiles.

Famously, Italy and Spain boast beautiful handmade reclaimed terracotta tiles in many patterns. These are iconic for Spanish homes that lean on Italian Renaissance and Mission Revival styles. Many Mediterranean homes are influenced by Italian, Greek, or Spanish styles grandstand with reclaimed terracotta.  While gorgeous and unique, true reclaimed terracotta comes with a hefty price tag.

rustic style flooring
Manganese Riviera Saltillo Flooring & Cement Tile

Mexican Saltillo tile is the prominent choice in the US, Mexico, and Canada. Notably, the riverbed clay in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico, is applauded for its formidable durability and low price point.

Equally important, while artisans have manufactured saltillo tile for many generations, color choices for Saltillo tile have expanded to include

  • Traditional Saltillo tile (terracotta shades of red, orange, golden, & cream)
  • Manganese Saltillo tile (varying brown shades of color with warm terracotta undertones)
  • Spanish Mission Red Saltillo tile (terracotta shades excluding most yellow or cream colors).
  • Antique Saltillo tile (a textured Mexican tile created to look like Spanish or Italian reclaimed terracotta without the expensive price tag)
  • Learn more and view photos of these SALTILLO TILE COLORS

Now, let’s talk about patterns!

Some people say that terracotta patterns are making a comeback.  From where I sit… they never went away. ☺

Being in the flooring business for many years, we’ve been “sold out” since day one.  Not kidding.

Patterns have floated in and out of the decor scene since I got my feet wet in this space. Below are some timeless patterns embellishing homes, restaurants, hotels, resorts, and other businesses worldwide.

reclaimed terracotta tile
12×12 Antique Saltillo Tile


This classic shape ranges from 4×4 to 24×24 inches.  A 12×12-inch Mexican tile usually buys the most bang for your buck. However, a rule of thumb is (almost always) to choose the largest size tile that meets a budget. The 16×16 Spanish Mission Red square offers great value for a large format size. And our extra-large 24×24-inch Saltillo tiles are a force of nature that demands attention.

12×12 Hexagon Terracotta Tile
12×12 Hexagon Terracotta Tile


There’s no more timeless pattern than the hexagon terracotta tile, also known as the honeycomb pattern. It’s been around for hundreds of years and remains favored today. As a 1-tile pattern, the hexagon floor offers an affordable finding for decorative flooring.

octagon mexican terracotta tile floor
12×12 Octagon Saltillo Floor with Talavera Accent Tiles


This 2-tile geometric pattern demonstrates a classic look. Since the octagon pattern must have an accompanying accent tile, designers can be adventurous with colorful Talavera tiles for an artistic look.

riviera pattern saltillo tile
Riviera Pattern in Manganese Saltillo Tile (Brown Terracotta)

Riviera Pattern.

Hands down, this is the most popular Saltillo flooring choice in the past decade. Nothing about this pattern is humble. A Riviera Saltillo floor commands attention as a focal design point in any space.

arabesque terracotta tile
Arabesque Terracotta – San Felipe Pattern in Saltillo Tile


Another timeless classic is the Arabesque, also known as the San Felipe pattern.  Similar to the hexagon terracotta pattern, a San Felipe tile creates a 1-tile pattern making it an affordable option for decorative flooring.

picket terracotta tile pattern
Picket Saltillo Terracotta Tile Pattern


This picket pattern is one of our favorites. It most commonly consists of an 8×8-inch square tile and a 4×12-inch picket tile, but some other size alternatives are available. As shown in Antique Saltillo, this floor replicates the pricier alternative of imported Spanish or Italian reclaimed terracotta pavers.

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Is Terracotta Flooring Expensive?

how to buy it on a budget

Clay tile is an affordable flooring choice compared to other handcrafted tiles like encaustic, certain marble or travertine stones, and even some basic ceramic tiles.

Typically, it costs between $3.00 – $9.00 per square foot.  But there are some outliers, like authentic reclaimed Spanish and Italian varieties pushing $40 per square foot.

How can you buy terracotta floor tiles on a budget?

Shop Terracotta Tiles Online

♦ Consider the source. If you’re in the United States, consider a North American seller to avoid heavy import fees, tariffs, and ocean freight fees common to European tiles.  For example, Mexican Saltillo tile is considerably less expensive (& superior quality) than sun-baked European terracotta varieties.

♦ Buy presealed tiles.  Clay tile floors must be sealed since the clay is porous.  A quality sealed tile has multiple coats of penetrating sealer soaked into the clay allowing for an efficient and worry-free floor installation.

→ It’s usually less expensive for the overall project value to buy presealed tiles vs. unsealed tiles. Most people don’t realize the amount of sealer required to DIY-seal terracotta floor tiles.

→ Learn more about Why to Buy Sealed Saltillo Tile to save time and money.

♦ Geometric Shapes vs. Patterns.  If you have a limited budget, compare prices for square and rectangular tiles with decorative patterns.  Most 1-tile patterns and geometric shapes (square, rectangles, hexagons, etc.) offer lower price points than 2-tile patterns (Riviera, Octagon, Hexagon Fuego patterns).

Want to See It In Your Room?

Room Visualizer Tool

Is Terracotta Flooring Durable?

how long it will last

Terracotta durability and longevity is legendary!

Did you know that clay is naturally resistant to mold and bacteria? When properly sealed, installed, and maintained, terracotta floors outlast lifetimes.

Certainly, kiln-fired terracotta tiles hold up better than sun-baked tiles, so do some due diligence as you’re considering any purchase of terracotta.  Start with a high-quality, sealed terracotta to ensure a fuss-free long-lasting floor.

I’ve been in the biz of clay Saltillo tile floors for many years. Since we receive questions and photos from homeowners who have beautiful, unique terracotta floors that are many decades old, I say with confidence…Yes, terracotta floors are durable and last a long time!

Take a peek behind the scenes during the manufacturing process…

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Should Clay Tile Be Sealed?

cleaning & maintenance guidelines

100% YES.

Always, always, always seal (or buy presealed) terracotta tiles.  It’s a no-brainer.

Here’s why.

Terracotta clay is porous.  Without the protection of embedded sealer or glaze, anything with color runs the risk of staining the clay. This includes a tumbled glass of wine, treks from muddy shoes, pet potty mistakes, and even dust and dirt from weather elements on outdoor floors.  Without the protective coating of sealer, terracotta tile floors darken with stains.

Properly sealed terracotta floors mitigate the risk of stains, wear, and tear.  Plus, ongoing maintenance is a breeze!  With potential debris sitting atop the sealed surface, it’s easily cleaned, thereby preserving an original, clean appearance.

unsealed terracotta tile

What about ongoing maintenance?

Again, the tile sealer steers the maintenance conversation. Upon installing presealed tiles, apply a finishing topcoat sealer. High-quality topcoat sealers add scratch resistance, UV protection, and water resistance to the floor. Ideally, apply this final coat across a “finished” floor to seal the grout synchronously.

Most high-quality sealers have attractive lifespans of 5-15 years, while lesser-quality sealers may only last 6-12 months. Thus, the quality of the sealer determines future ongoing maintenance. So, budget upfront for a quality topcoat sealer to save flooring maintenance costs in the long run.

Also, preserve the life of a sealed floor by diluting any cleaning chemicals.  Or, better yet, consider a no-chemical approach through the use of vacuuming and steam mopping.

♦ Cosmetically, that last coat of sealer determines the overall sheen of a terracotta floor. Gloss or semi-gloss finishes are more popular than the chalky appearance of matte sealer finishes.

How to Clean Terracotta Tiles

Terracotta tile cleaning tips are essential for maintaining the natural beauty and longevity of this traditional flooring option. Referencing a terracotta tile guide can provide insight into the unique care requirements associated with the various types of clay used in the production process. While some might be familiar with glazed ceramic tiles, terracotta remains distinct due to its porous nature. 

To clean terracotta effectively, it’s essential to avoid harsh chemicals or overly abrasive tools, opting instead for a gentle, pH-balanced cleaner and a soft mop or cloth. Regular maintenance and understanding the material’s specific needs will ensure your terracotta tiles remain pristine and rustic for years to come.

What’s the Difference Between Terracotta and Clay?

kiln-fired vs. sun-baked tiles

You may have noticed that I refer to these tiles as terracotta, clay, Saltillo, and reclaimed terracotta.

So what’s the difference?

Terracotta floor tile is clay tile.  But not all clay tile is terracotta.  Saltillo tile is a type of terracotta clay.  But not all terracotta is Saltillo tile.

Got that? 

origins of saltillo clay
Saltillo Mexico Riverbed Clay

The manufacturing process determines the difference between terracotta and clay tile. ‘Clay’ refers to the raw material dug from the earth.  But terracotta is iron-rich clay modeled and fired to its finished hardened state.

Then, there’s sun-baked terracotta vs. kiln-fired terracotta.  After forming modeled tiles, sun-baked tiles are moved into an area directly exposed to the sun’s heat.  Naturally, the tiles dry to their finished state.

clay for terracotta tile
Clay for Terracotta Tile

In contrast, when clay tiles are kiln-fired, a chemical reaction occurs in the clay that transforms the tiles into durable, hard pieces similar to stone.

To muddy ☺ the details a little more… The finished (fired) clay tile is often referred to as ceramic tile.  So there’s that.

Plus, that same kiln-firing process also changes the clay’s natural brown/gray colors to terracotta colors.

how terracotta tile is made
How Terracotta Tile is Made by Hand

As a point of clarification, Saltillo tile is derived from some of the world’s most durable clay. Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico’s riverbeds attract a generation-old process for handmade terracotta floors.

How to Find Terracotta Floor Tile Near Me?

getting it shipped

Finding clay tiles near you or through online sellers is not too difficult.

Here are some tips for finding the best terracotta tile floor for your next project.

♦ Shop around.  Compare local flooring stores with online offerings. (P.S. We ship worldwide!)

Considering Terracotta Flooring?

Contact us to talk tile, prices, colors, y mas. We ship this stuff worldwide!

♦ Terracotta tile is heavy (a good thing for durability) and must be packaged adequately for shipping. If you’re buying terracotta tile to be shipped to you, only buy from a seller with experience shipping the tile.  The practice and methods for shipping terracotta flooring are just as important as finding a quality-made tile.

♦ If you’re in North America, stick with locally-made products – Mexican Saltillo tile is the most common and affordable. If you’re in Europe, peruse your local Spanish or Italian vendors. There are great tile options found worldwide.

♦ Also, remember that terracotta is referred to in many terms. When you’re googling, use all of the terms. This will expand your search. For example, try Saltillo tile, Mexican tile, Spanish tile, Terracotta flooring, Rustic clay tile, etc.

♦ Finally, ask questions.  Ask a lot of questions.  Only buy terracotta flooring from a seller with whom you feel confident, even if that means paying a higher price.  You will have maintenance and installation questions after your tile purchase.  Find a seller who will serve you throughout the entire process.

Check out some other great floors!

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